Tag Archives: phonosurgery

Voice Surgery (Phonosurgery)

Voice Surgery

Voice surgery or vocal surgery is the name given to surgical operations performed to treat the benign or malignant diseases of the vocal cords. These surgeries may also be performed to change the voice quality. It is a very fine surgery that requires very special instruments that are used under a microscope (phonomicrosurgery).

What are the most common disorders treated with voice surgery?

The most common disorders treated with voice surgery include:

-Vocal Cord Nodules

-Vocal Cord Polyp

-Vocal Cord Cyst

-Vocal Cord Sulcus (Sulcus Vocalis)

-Vocal Cord Paralysis (Single Sided – Unilateral)

-Vocal Cord Paralysis (Both Sided – Bilateral)

– Vocal Cord Palsy

-Vocal Cord Cancer

-Decreasing the Voice Pitch

-Increasing the Voice Pitch


-Treatment of Presbylarynx (Larynx of the Elderly)

-Reinke’s Edema

Vocal Cord Nodules

Vocal cord nodules are symmetrical swellings on the touching surfaces of the vocal cords. They occur in pairs, with one nodule on each vocal cord at the site of greatest irritation. They are benign (in good manner) which means that they do not lead to formation of vocal cord malign (cancerous) pathologies.

They sometimes are called singer’s, screamer’s or teacher’s nodules. This name is given, because they are usullay seen in people who use their voice for long term or in an abnormal form which is called vocal abuse.

The most common symptoms for vocal fold nodules are voice changes (hoarseness, breathy voice, low-pitched voice, loss of active vocal range in voice professionals), sensation of pain in times of long speech or voice use, and feeling a lump in the throat.

Diagnosis of vocal cord nodules is easily made by either rigid or flexible endoscopic examination of larynx.

Main treatment option for vocal cord nodules is voice therapy. Voice therapy is a behavioral method that aims to change the vocal behaviour of the patient, and decreases the trauma that the vocal fold face during phonation. Phonomicrosurgery is another option, which is usually reserved for patients that do not respond well to voice therapy.

I hope you a healthy voice and a beautiful day.

For further information and appointments please contact:

Otolaryngology, Voice Disorders, Head and Neck Surgery
President, Professional Voice Society
Vice President, European Academy of Phoniatrics
E-mail: dr@haldunoguz.com
Telephone: +90 312 284 28 88
GSM: +90 553 251 09 82
Skype: drhoguz_1
Address: Neorama Business Center, Floor 5, Office 20, Sogutozu, Ankara, Turkey